Physical Remand vs Judicial Remand – Definitions, Purpose & Duration

Physical Remand vs Judicial Remand
Written by Independent

Physical remand and judicial remand are legal terms used in many legal systems to describe different stages of the custody of an accused person during a criminal investigation or trial.

These types of remands differ from each other in definition, purpose, procedure, duration, and authority.

In this write-up, we shall try to understand the basic differences between Physical Remand and Judicial Remand.

1. Physical Remand – Definition, Authority, Duration, Purpose

Physical remand refers to the temporary detention of a suspect or accused person by law enforcement authorities, such as police.

This type of remand is primarily used to question the accused, collect evidence, or conduct further investigation. During this period, the accused may be held in a police station or other designated facility.

This type of remand is typically authorized by law enforcement agencies, such as the police. It allows them to detain a person for a limited period to facilitate their investigation.

The duration of physical remand is usually short-term. It can range from a few hours to a few days, but it is subject to judicial oversight.

In many legal systems, law enforcement agencies need to seek permission from a judicial authority, such as a magistrate or judge, to detain a person on physical remand. The authority reviews the request and may grant or deny it based on the circumstances.

2. Judicial Remand – Definition, Authority, Duration, Purpose

Judicial remand refers to the detention of an accused person by a judicial authority (e.g., a court or magistrate) for an extended period, usually after the initial physical remand phase.

The remand is ordered by a court or a judicial magistrate.

It is a formal legal process where the court decides whether to continue holding the accused in custody or to release them on bail or other conditions.

Judicial remand can be for a more extended period. It is often continued until the conclusion of the trial or until bail is granted, depending on the legal system and the nature of the case.

The primary purpose of judicial remand is to ensure that the accused person appears for court hearings, prevents potential interference with witnesses or evidence, and maintains public safety.

During judicial remand, the accused person has the right to challenge their detention through legal avenues, such as bail applications. The court periodically reviews the necessity of continued detention.


In summary, physical remand is a temporary detention by law enforcement authorities for investigative purposes.

On the other hand, a judicial remand involves a more formal process where a court decides whether to continue holding the accused in custody during the legal proceedings.

The specific procedures and legal principles governing these terms can vary between different countries and legal systems.


1. Can Physical and Judicial Remands be challenged by the accused?

Yes, both physical remand and judicial remand can be challenged through legal processes in many jurisdictions.

However, the specific procedures and grounds for challenging them may vary from one legal system to another.

2. Does police torture the accused during the physical remand?

The use of torture by police or law enforcement officials during physical remand is illegal and considered a serious human rights violation in many countries.

Torture is universally condemned, and international human rights treaties, such as the United Nations Convention Against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman, or Degrading Treatment or Punishment, prohibit the use of torture and cruel, inhuman, or degrading treatment or punishment.

However, it is essential to acknowledge that despite these legal prohibitions, instances of police brutality, torture, or ill-treatment during physical remand have occurred in some jurisdictions.

These violations of human rights can take various forms, including physical abuse, psychological abuse, or denial of basic necessities.

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