Imran Khan is no more a Prime Minister. The whole Cabinet tendered its resignation. History repeated itself. 22nd Prime Minister of Pakistan couldn’t complete his tenure. The nation was not expecting this. All this happened so quickly. What are the factors? Was it really the Economic Conditions that led everyone to join the opposition? Was it American-backed Regime Change, as claimed by PTI? Let’s analyze the potential factors that led to the regime change in Pakistan.
Regime Change in Pakistan | An American Conspiracy?
While Pakistan Tehreek e Insaaf, by presenting evidence, points out that the current regime change is American-engineered; the alliance of opposition completely refutes it.
In order to sensitize all the involved Institutions of National Security, Imran Khan presented a letter as proof of the American involvement in the movement to change the regime.
The whole high command and key heads of institutions present in the National Security Committee (NSC) endorsed the evidence.
However, without any resistance, Pakistan underwent a regime change smoothly through the No-Confidence Voting.
Although the process to remove the PM was constitutional, the process of buying the MNAs through horse-trading was undemocratic & nonconstitutional which raised many eyebrows.
On top of that, the Supreme Court of Pakistan totally brushed the ongoing horse-trading under the carpet. By declaring the Speaker’s ruling unconstitutional, the Supreme Court itself seemed to be violating the constitution.
Article 69 of the Constitution of Pakistan clearly says;
Based on the evidence that the no-confidence motion was a US conspiracy and the PDM (the sold-out opposition) was disloyal to the State of Pakistan, the Deputy Speaker of the National Assembly Qasim Khan Suri overruled the No-confidence Voting based on ‘Article 05’ of the Constitution of Pakistan.
Article 05 of the Constitution of Pakistan states that,
What Could be the American Interests in Changing Regime in Pakistan?
During Imran Khan’s regime, there was an obvious shift in Pakistan’s Foreign Policy. In the changing power dynamics and shifts in the geopolitical landscape, Pakistan’s Foreign Policy largely focussed on maintaining a balance by not subscribing to any specific bloc.
The economic and military rise of China and the aggressive posture of Russia are two prominent factors that challenged the American erstwhile unchallenged power status.
Moreover, after the withdrawal of America from Afghanistan, Pakistan was no more relevant to the USA.
On the other hand, USA’s unjustified tilt to India to counter China created a power imbalance in South Asia. So, in order to achieve the strategic balance of power, Pakistan’s tilt to China, as well as Russia, was obvious.
Observing the changing scenario in Asia through the lens of Realism, the emerging bloc of China, Russia, Pakistan, Iran & Turkey threatened American Supremacy.
Secondly, what even incensed the USA more was the Imran Khan’s untimely visit to Russia. The Prime Minister of Pakistan was in Russia when Russia invaded Ukraine.
Thirdly, even before the withdrawal from Afghanistan, Imran Khan’s refusal to allow the country’s land for American troops was something that America found hard to digest.
So, it was “Absolutely Not!” that pinched America.
Moreover, Pakistan’s polite refusal to attend Biden’s Summit for Democracy is another factor that has hurt America’s pride.
It was obvious that the USA would never tolerate the present regime. This isn’t a bluff; history repeats itself.
The archives of history suggest that changing regimes is USA’s favorite pastime. There is a long long list of American involvements in regimes change.
In short, the USA felt uncomfortable with Pakistan’s independent foreign policy vis-à-vis changing realities.
Apart from the factors involved on the external front; there are some domestic factors that triggered the regime change in Pakistan.
The Exploitation of the Domestic Fault Lines | Hybrid Warfare
This is an era of hybrid warfare. States rarely use military force against enemies today.
Rather, enemies tend to exploit the domestic fault lines to gain an advantage over rivals. This is exactly what happened in Pakistan.
Before coming to power, PTI’s manifesto involved holding all the corrupt public officials accountable for corruption. So, when the process of accountability started, the opposition parties (the erstwhile rivals of each other) joined hands to topple the regime to save their corruption.
Apparently, they were failing in their struggle to remove Imran Khan from power. However, the external powers were smart enough to exploit this domestic fault line.
As the constitution allows the No-Confidence option to remove the Prime Minister; the democratic option was utilized undemocratically.
Apparently, the opposition’s reason for the No-Confidence Motion was the ‘deteriorating economic conditions’; this factor alone cannot be the justified reason to remove the Prime Minister. If it’s about inflation, the rising prices, this is currently a global phenomenon.
While the courts failed to notice it, the whole nation witnessed the horse-trading & floor crossing.
The recorded pieces of evidence speak volumes of the unconstitutional regime change in Pakistan with foreign hands involved.
When it came to State Sovereignty, the judges were sold out, and the military top brass opted for neutrality.
Shehbaz Sharif is the newly (s)elected Prime Minister with alleged corruption cases of billions.
This lawlessness has for now thrown the country into chaos. The public trust in the state institutions seems to be evading.
To tackle the current crisis, fresh elections are the only way out. So, let the public give its verdict.