This write-up is a summary of the Russia Ukraine conflict. We will discuss the causes of the conflict, its implications, and possible solutions to resolve it.
The Russia-Ukraine Conflict posits a serious threat to regional as well as global peace and security. Not just that, if a war erupts, it would result in severe economic repercussions.
Russia Ukraine conflict is a sort of projection of the previous century’s cold war between the USA and USSR.
Ukraine shares its border with Russia. It was part of the USSR. However, it became an independent state after USSR’s disintegration in 1991. Despite independence, USSR always wanted to keep all its previous satellite states under its influence. To achieve this end, Russia always tried to keep a pro-Moscow government installed in those states.
As Ukraine was one of those states, Russia instated a sort of puppet government in Ukraine too.
How has Russia Ukraine Conflict started?
The crisis started in 2014 with a revolution (Orange Revolution) in Ukraine that toppled the Pro-Moscow government and installed a Pro-Western government.
It was in retaliation that Russia annexed Crimea.
Crimea is a southern part of Ukraine. Russia also captured a Naval Base Sevastopol and mobilized its troops there. Why did Russia capture and annex Crimea? It is due to its strategic significance that we will discuss later in the article.
Having discussed the background of the conflict; let’s now understand the entire causes of the Russia Ukraine conflict.
Causes of the Russia-Ukraine Conflict
The causes of the Russia Ukraine crisis are multiple; such as ideological, cultural, military & strategic, economic, and political.
Ideological or Cultural Reason
Basically, the Russian empire emerged from Ukraine. In other words, it was the root of Russian civilization. So, Russians call it their mother. It is for this reason that they are not letting it go.
On the other hand, Ukraine considers itself a separate identity and stand-alone civilization. Hence, it thoroughly rejects Russian influence.
Thus, this clash between the aspirations of both states is one of the prominent reasons behind the Russia-Ukraine conflict.
Military & Strategic Causes
Due to cold waters, Russian outreach to the rest of the world is limited. But, Ukraine provides a way out from Crimea. This is the strategic significance of Crimea for Russia that led Russia to annex it. From the Sea of Azov to the Mediterranean Sea and beyond, Russia can access the world through Crimea.
However, the USA wants Ukraine to be a part of NATO so that it can monitor and keep a check on Russian activities.
Ukraine is rich in natural resources; i.e. minerals and coal. Hence, both the contending states (Russia and USA) want to integrate Ukraine into their own Economic Unions.
Moscow wants Ukraine to join Eurasian Economic Union (EAEU); whereas, the USA is pulling Ukraine towards European Union (EU).
As discussed above, Ukraine offers a ground for a political contest to USA and Russia. Russia wants a pro-Moscow government in Ukraine; while the USA wants a pro-American government.
Both the states want to bring Ukraine under their influence to counter the other.
Implications of Russia-Ukraine Crisis
Due to the ongoing conflict in Ukraine, the state is in a state of crisis, anarchy, and chaos. Its economy is deteriorating due to economic sanctions by Russia.
Moreover, Ukraine is a potential war ground between USA and Russia.
Regional and Global Implications
The crisis could lead to regional and global instability due to the two great powers involved. Both the states are with their horns locked to counter each other’s offensive moves.
While Russia has deployed hundreds of thousands of troops across the Crimean border, the USA is providing lethal weapons to Ukraine to fight back.
A single bullet fired could potentially lead to large-scale war with severe implications across the globe.
Furthermore, Russia under Vladimir Putin has tried to maintain a Respectable Neighbour Policy. So, if Russia invades Ukraine, the policy would be tarnished forcing other states to get inclined towards the west.
In that case, the rest of the Eurasian states would be attracted to NATO and European Union. So, that would be a major setback for Moscow. Therefore, it would be against Russia’s interest to take any preemptive action.
According to international analysts, the solution to the Russia-Ukraine crisis is very complex. But, they see an opportunity in two platforms.
- Minsk Agreement (Platform)
- Normandy Platform
The Minsk platform was created at the time when Russia invaded and annexed Crimea in 2014. Under the platform created by European states, the Crimean issue was resolved.
So, the analysts propose that this platform can again offer a solution to ongoing crises via negotiations.
Similarly, the Normandy platform was created to resolve issues and conflicts between or among its member states. Currently, it has four member states; i.e. Germany, France, Ukraine, and Russia.
So, these member states could use the platform to resolve the Russia Ukraine conflict.
Summing Up | The Crux of the Matter
Russia wants NATO and its allies to ban former Soviet states including Ukraine from joining NATO. It also wants Western Security Alliance to water down its activities in Eastern Europe. Moreover, Moscow wants NATO to retreat to its pre-1997 borders.
On the other hand, the United States has said that it wouldn’t be restricted in its eastward expansion. However, it can negotiate on the nature of military exercises and the deployment of missiles.
In short, the complex crisis needs immediate solutions before it could lead to global catastrophe.