Artificial intelligence is the simulation of human intelligence and discernment which is working in correspondence to humans. These are technology-based machines or computer-controlled robots that are programmed to think like humans and mimic their actions. These machines exhibit traits associated with a human mind performing a vast era of facilities and functions such as learning and problem-solving. Artificial intelligence is one of the most promising technologies of growth today. It is the key evidence of the rapidly growing advancements in technologies and software. Moreover, being the masterpieces of great human brains and efficiency. However, with numerous advantages that Artificial Intelligence provides, there are also some disadvantages of Artificial Intelligence as well.
GOALS OF ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE
The goals of artificial intelligence include learning, reasoning, and perception along with programming and its outnumbered services in various fields and businesses. The ideal characteristic of artificial intelligence is its ability to rationalize and take actions that have the best chance of achieving a specific goal. Artificial intelligence is working in replacement to humans or where humans are not available. Hence bringing a drastic change in technological fields, where it is complementing to automate the system for more efficiency and performance.
Various fields where artificial intelligence has made its hallmark are:
- Virtual Assistant
- Agriculture and Farming
- Plagiarism checkers
- Shopping and Fashion
- Security and Surveillance
- Spam Filters
- Sports Analytics and Activities
- Manufacturing and Production
- Marketing Banking and Finance
- Livestock and Inventory Management
- Self-driving cars or Autonomous Vehicles
- Space Exploration
- Healthcare and Medical Imaging Analysis
- Warehousing and Logistic Supply Chain
ADVANTAGES OF ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE
Artificial intelligence is taking over the world today it has been a great benefit to the world today. Since these have self-learning capabilities from the data and by perceiving information from its surrounding environment, taking actions that maximize its chance of successfully achieving its aims. This technology is currently advancing at a breakneck pace, with great exponential growth. Databases have grown to become the core infrastructure that drives artificial intelligence in today’s world. The main constraint is the finding of useful insights among the sheer abundance of data. Artificial intelligence lays-out patterns that are beyond the ability of human perception to detect. Hence the adoption of Artificial intelligence technology can make even mundane and seemingly trivial data more useful and valuable in today’s world.
Below are various advantages of Artificial Intelligence:
Reducing Human Errors
The phrase “human error” was born because humans are prone to make mistakes from time to time. Computers and robots, however, do not make these mistakes if they are programmed properly. One advantage of Artificial intelligence is that it reduces failure that would otherwise be caused by human limitations. With artificial intelligence, the decisions are taken from the bundle of vast information applying a certain set of lay-out and algorithms. They are more accurate than humans and do not overlook data that is missed out by the human eye. Hence reducing errors and reaching accuracy with a greater degree of precision has become more possible.
Artificial intelligence has reached great heights in space sending back the most accurate and vast amount of information to the earth. Similarly, Weather Forecasting using Artificial intelligence has reduced the majority of human error.
Digital assistance helps in everyday routine chores
User interactions have become more convenient with this digital assistant and highly advanced organizations which saves the need for human resources. Artificial intelligence helps us perform basic day-to-day activities that the human brain may neglect hence it makes living easier to keep a track record and helping us perform our routine tasks on time.
We can talk to Siri or Bixby for our day to day routines such as setting timers, reminders bookmarks making everyday work easier. The best daily use of artificial intelligence is the autocorrect feature, it understands what you are trying to say and present the sentence in the best way possible. Moreover, GPS helps you reach your desired location and even travel the world. Location apps are helping us find nearby spots. Have you observed that when you upload pictures on Facebook, artificial intelligence automatically detects the person’s identity and suggest to tag that person in the shared pic?
Similarly, while watching Netflix it automatically understands our choices hence presents us the genre that is linked with our choices based on the previous movies we have watched. Also, fraud cases can be detected more easily by these simulators.
Artificial intelligence in risky situations
Artificial intelligence takes care of human safety. These machines overcome many risky limitations that humans have. Artificial intelligence Robots offer a tremendous job where intervention can be hazardous. These robots work efficiently in risky areas that are beyond humans’ physical access.
Going to mars or space, installing satellites for advanced human resources. Studies related to the depth of the ocean where human survival is almost impossible, diffusing bombs and mining coals and oil. All these activities have now become possible with the assistance of artificial intelligence.
Automates their function
Artificial Intelligence does not need supervision, allowing robots to develop competitive and repetitive, routine based process optimization tasks automatically and without human intervention. Using artificial intelligence, we can remove “boring” tasks for humans, and free them up to be increasingly creative saving their time and efforts by productively automating these mundane tasks using high-efficiency stimulators and equipment.
Artificial intelligence generates thanking mail, or automatic voice mail when a caller is busy. Similarly verifying certain documents for error or in banks while the repetitive job of verifying loan documents. Artificial intelligence is performing this task with great efficiency to save human time and workload.
Enhances human creativity
Artificial intelligence frees people from routine and repetitive tasks saving them plenty of time they can invest in something more productive. This help provides a wide spectrum of increased opportunity for humans to be more creative.
24/7 availability without being exhausted
An Average human can work 6 to 7 hours in a day taking breaks alongside and getting mentally and physically exhausted. Humans are built in such a way to get some time out for refreshing themselves and to get ready for a new day of work. Using artificial intelligence, we can make machines work 24×7. Unlike humans, these machines do not require refreshment breaks and they don’t even get bored.
Many machines in industries can work 24/7 whilst humans cannot. Similarly, ATMs can provide services at all hours in comparison to bankers who are only available for a few hours of the day
Provides improved quality and productivity
Artificial intelligence increases productivity at the machine level. It also makes workers more productive and increases the quality of the work they do. Having more information allows them to have a more focused view of their work and make better decisions.
Provides help in Medical Fields
If we talk about the advantages and services that artificial intelligence offers in the medical field, the scope is beyond expectation. Helping doctors examine and assess the health issues of the patients. Some applications have helped to provide self-education to the machines regarding the side effects of various medicines. Artificial intelligence is also used in surgery machines which we can use in diagnostic tools such as detecting and monitoring neurological disorders and tumors. Moreover, it helps in the radiosurgery as well.
Artificial Intelligence and Cyber Security
There is hardly any day that passes by without a high-profile data attack or a breach in cybersecurity causing a massive amount of damage. Artificial intelligence applying to cyber defense is singling out unusual observations, preventing any cyber-attacks.
Having discussed some prominent advantages of artificial intelligence, it is pertinent to shed some light on a few disadvantages of artificial intelligence too.
DISADVANTAGES OF ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE
Leading advancements in artificial intelligence can also be a source of greater disaster.
Excessive cost approach
With increased advancements in software and technologies, artificial intelligence is updated at a faster pace than before based on new advancements with time to meet the latest requirements. Machines need repairing and maintenance which need plenty of costs. Hence, these creation and updates are very costly.
Reducing human efforts
Artificial intelligence has taken over multiple jobs that were erstwhile managed by humans. Ultimately, humans have become lazy. It is drastically reducing the human’s capability to work hard. These artificial intelligence technologies are so fascinating that it has become an addiction to human in today’s world affecting future generations as well.
Lack of employment
Artificial intelligence has taken over most workplaces. It is replacing the majority of the repetitive tasks and other works with robots; human interference is becoming less which will cause a major problem in the employment standards. Machines are also replacing humans in manual labor in industries. Every organization is looking to replace the minimum qualified individuals with Artificial intelligence robots that can do similar work with more efficiency. Ultimately, it is giving rise to more and more unemployment.
Not as smart as humans
No matter how smart a machine becomes, it can never replace a human. Machines are rational but, very inhuman as they don’t possess emotions and moral values. They don’t know what is ethical and what’s legal and because of this, they don’t have their judgment making skills. They do what they are told to do and therefore the judgment of right or wrong is nil for them. Artificial intelligence will break down or perform incorrectly if they encounter any situation that is unfamiliar to them
One cannot improve the artificial intelligence experience. The only function they can perform is either to run the same command on a different program given to them. With time, it can lead to wear and tear.
As they are unable to cope up with the dynamic environment, it is almost impossible for them to alter their responses to the surrounding environments. There is a nonstop bombardment of questions of whether it is really exciting to replace humans with machines.
Artificial intelligence cannot be self-creative
Self-creativity is a human domain, machines only perform the tasks on which they are having command. Though they help in the analysis and performing various tasks, they can’t match the power of a human brain and creativity.
Hence, with the numerous advantages of Artificial Intelligence, comes disadvantages too. Where artificial intelligence is playing a vital role in today’s world, leading to great development and advancements in various fields, it is also affecting human efficiency and can also be a great cause of disaster in the upcoming days when the technology will take over control from the human hands.